October 18, 2013

Kelebihan dan Fitur Ubuntu 13.10 Final

Berikut ini adalah kelebihan dan fitur baru di Linux Ubuntu 13.10 Final
sementara pakai bahasa Linggis dulu ya..
biar otaknya pada tajem :p


Nautilus drop-down menus


Nautilus file manager menus has now been been harmonised with the rest of the desktop theme. Previously these drop-down menus appeared with a stark white background. 

keyboard mapping and input language selection.


Smart Scopes

One of the key components of the Unity desktop shell is the Dash, the desktop overlay that enables the user to browse and search applications, files, and multimedia. The Dash can be expanded with custom views, called Scopes (formerly Lenses), that extend it with additional information. Since the initial introduction of the Dash, the search system has gradually evolved to operate like a kind of virtual storefront. In response to certain queries, it will recommend music from the Ubuntu One Music Store and products from Amazon, generating affiliate revenue for Canonical.
The Unity Dash got an overhaul under the hood for Ubuntu 13.10. Canonical wanted to extend the built-in search system so that it can access data from a wide range of Internet sources. For the new version of the Dash, the Web search functionality is now handled by a remote backend service that is hosted by Canonical.
As the user types a search query in the Dash, the partial query is transmitted to Canonical’s servers, which will analyze the input and decide what to present. The new backend uses a number of heuristics to attempt to find the most relevant results to send back to the user. Some of the Internet sources that the new backend can tap include Github, reddit, Wikipedia, Flickr, Google News, The Weather Channel, and Yelp.

Testing the new Dash

While testing Ubuntu 13.10 for this review, I typed in a number of different queries so that I could see how the Dash would respond. When I typed in the name of my city, it displayed weather information and Wikipedia entries about it. When I typed in the name of a popular Logitech gaming mouse, the Dash displayed Amazon product listings. When I typed in the name of my favorite musician, it offered albums, a Wikipedia entry, the musician’s Twitch.tv profile, and a link to a reddit post about the musician.

The filtering mechanism on the side of the Dash allows you to toggle the sources, giving you some control over where the results are originating. You can also tell the search mechanism to only return results from a specific source by using a prefix. For example, you can type “news:ubuntu” if all you are looking for is Google News stories about Ubuntu.

The new Dash concept is intriguing, but its usefulness is a bit limited. The results are hit and miss and tend to be organized in a really haphazard way. Another issue is that all results are displayed the same way: a rectangular icon with some text underneath. The whole system would be a lot more powerful and practical if it could tailor the presentation to the specific type of content.
When you click a search result in the Dash, it will display an expanded version of that item with a bigger icon and more text. The expanded result will also display a button that you can click to view more information on the Internet. For example, you can read an excerpt of a Wikipedia page by clicking its result item and then click the button to open the actual Wikipedia page in your browser.

It’s worth noting that the Dash still does “local” system searches, displaying installed applications and recently used files from the filesystem. These items are given priority—they are displayed first and in the most easily accessible position. The new remote search system is designed so that the results can be appended to the Dash as they trickle in, which means that it typically isn’t going to pose any inconvenience when simply launching applications, for example.

Privacy issues

Canonical faced considerable criticism last year when it first introduced the built-in Amazon search feature. The newly expanded search system, and the manner in which it is implemented, will likely raise additional concerns.
When a user opens the Dash, the underlying software will initiate a search session with Canonical’s servers. During the session, each keypress will be transmitted over the wire. It will also send platform and version information, the user’s country, the user’s locale, and information about which search sources and scopes the user has added or removed.
Canonical says that it doesn’t save any identifiable information. The user's IP address is retained in standard server logs, but is not correlated with search behavior for tracking purposes. The company does keep track of certain usage data that it can analyze to improve search results.
Although I think that a universal Web search has the potential to be useful, I’m not really comfortable with the way Canonical tacks it on to local system searches. I would be a lot happier with the feature if Canonical broke it out into a separate mechanism, activated by selecting a specific section of the Dash or using a particular shortcut. In its current form, it strikes me as a bit too invasive.
Fortunately, the Internet search feature is very easy to disable. Ubuntu 12.04 introduced a dedicated privacy control panel in the built-in System Settings tool. To disable Dash Internet searches in 13.10, all you have to do is open the privacy panel, navigate to the search tab, and flip off the toggle switch.

Linux 3.11 kernel

Linux 3.11 kernel, only released at the start of September, includes features that can improve performance and lower power consumption. For example Zswap, rather than swapping from RAM to hard disk, instead compresses some swap data and retains it in RAM, on the basis that the performance hit of using CPU cycles to compress and decompress to and from RAM will be less than a swap to and from hard disk. Dynamic power management for AMD's open-source Linux graphics driver is also supported, and there's a low latency polling patch for the network subsystem. More details of the new features in this kernel can be found on the Kernel Newbies site.

Installed applications with 13.10

Despite early plans to adopt Chromium, Firefox 24.0 is still the default browser for Ubuntu 13.10. Other default applications installed with this release include version 24.0 of the Thunderbird email client and the LibreOffice office productivity suite. All of these are revised since the beta release. Also included are Shotwell 0.15.0 (photo manager), Brasero 3.8.0 (CD/DVD burner) andRhythmbox 2.99.1 (music player).

The Thunderbird email client can be launched from the messaging drop-down menu in Ubuntu 13.10. (Image: Terry Relph-Knight/ZDNet)

The Thunderbird email client does not appear by default on the launcher bar at the left of the desktop, although it can easily be added if required. Instead, it can be launched from the drop-down menu for the messaging icon in the status section, at the right-hand end of the desktop bar.
Although they're not installed by default, GIMP 2.8.6 (bitmap editor) and Inkscape 0.48 (vector editor) are available for installation from the Software Centre.

Ubuntu SDK

The first release of the Ubuntu SDK is also due this month. The SDK provides support for developing Ubuntu applications in QML with plug-ins for the Qt Creator IDE, in HTML5 or in HTML5/Cordova. Canonical says that once Ubuntu becomes converged in 14.04, developers can easily write apps that run across all devices — smartphone, tablet or desktop.

Spesifikasi kebutuhan minimum Ubuntu 13.10 
  • Prosesor: 700 MHz processor  atau Intel Celeron atau versi yang lebih tinggi 
  • RAM: 512 MiB RAM (system memory)
  • Hardisk kosong : 5 GB atau lebih besar
  • VGA/Resolusi: monitor 1024x768 screen resolution

Video Review Ubuntu 13.10 Final

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kami menjual Ubuntu 13.10 versi Final

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